A hammer and nails aren’t useful if you have a plumbing problem. You also need a set of ideas to improve your finances, so you can pick the right tool for the job:
- Increase your income Check if you are entitled to any more benefits? Think about ways to earn more, from the big ones (change jobs? rent out a room?) to the small (get paid to babysit? become a mystery shopper?)
- Decrease your expenditure 88 ideas to help you spend less on everything, from groceries and utility bills to prescriptions and insurance. It’s a rare household that couldn’t benefit from at least one of these! Be realistic – if you have been living a champagne lifestyle on a small can of beer income, you are going to have to make some serious choices about what to give up completely and what to cut back on a lot.
- Reduce the interest you pay Could you get a 0% balance transfer card or consolidate your debts? These options can have downsides and won’t work if your situation is too bad, but it’s worth checking them out – the less interest you pay, the more of your monthly payment goes to paying off the debt.
- Sell stuff Just returning a few unwanted presents or having a car boot sale could help kick-start your plans to reduce your debts or get you a small emergency fund that will make tackling your debts feel much more comfortable. If your finances are very difficult you should also look at selling bigger stuff, including the house.
- Smarter budgeting Many people don’t have a dramatic ’cause’ for their debts (divorce, business failure, sickness etc), they have just spent more than they have earned for a while and their debts have slowly increased. Take control of this situation by improving your budgeting! If there are two of you, look at apps that will make it easier for you both to budget together.
If you can meet your minimum payments each month but are struggling and the debt is mounting, look at some of these ways to turn your finances around and read about snowballing that debt – snowballing is the fastest way to clear debts and end up with a great credit score.
Find the combination of ideas that will work best for you now. I asked a couple of personal finance experts to present either side of the “Spend less or Earn more?” debate – it’s a fun article that may inspire you, but for most people a bit of both is the answer! Many of the suggestions don’t have to be permanent – challenge yourself to take lunches to work for the next two months and see how much you save.
If you can’t afford the minimum debt repayments, then you are probably going to need one of the Debt Options that involves contacting your creditors. But improving your basic finances is still important as it may make your chosen debt solution easier to live with or faster to work.