Should you help pay your partner’s debts? Does your partner know about your debts? What if you both have problem debts?
There aren’t always clear right and wrong answers here – but this page may give you some pointers towards finding out what will work for you and for your partner.
You are not legally responsible for your partner’s debts unless they are joint debts or you have acted as guarantor.
It doesn’t matter whether you are living together nor whether you are married – one person is not responsible for another person’s debts.
You have separate credit ratings
You also have separate credit ratings.
If you have any joint finances (joint mortgage? joint bank account?) then one partner’s credit rating will be affected if the other partner defaults on their debts. So if one of you has debt problems and the other hasn’t, it is probably a good idea to avoid joint accounts.
Even if you want to help your partner out with their debts, keep your own finances separate so at least one of you can have a good credit rating.
Your credit rating is not affected if someone in your house, or someone that used to live there, has a bad credit score.
“We both have debts, mostly run up together, and both want to tackle them”
The simplest approach here is usually to do a joint Income & Expenditure, looking at everything that comes into yo your household and what it all gets spent on – no “his” or “hers” at this point.
If together you can afford the minimum payments on all your debts, then Snowballing is almost certainly the best answer. At the end it will leave you both with great credit ratings and won’t affect your ability to get a mortgage in the future.
But if one of you can afford the payments on their debts, but the other one can’t, then you need to explore more options.
It’s going to be complicated working through all your combined options but it’s worth doing to know that you have made the right choices. A good debt adviser can help you do this
It may be better for one of you to opt for a Debt Management Plan or even insolvency (eg bankruptcy) and for the other to carry on paying their debts in full. This typically works best if the partner with the most debt has the lower income, or if you have roughly equal debts and incomes.
It may be possible for one of you to go bankrupt, even if you own a house together, so don’t automatically rule anything out at this point but explore all the Debt Options for each of you.
“They are my partner’s debts and I don’t see why I should pay them”
Fair enough – and legally you don’t have to!
Whether you are married or not, doesn’t make a difference – if your other half took out a loan or a credit card they are the one that has the legal liability to repay it.
But here are some things to think about.
Was the money spent partly on things for both of you? If so, have you been contributing your fair share to the household. Here ‘fair’ may mean more than half if you earn a lot more than your partner.
Is this your ‘forever’ relationship? There is a difference between having a good time together for a while and being serious and planning your future lives, houses and children together. If you want to get on with the latter, then it’s going to happen sooner if your partner’s debts are cleared.
There is a lot of difference between helping your partner sort out old debts and funding an ongoing over-spending habit.
You may want to find a middle way between ignoring your partner’s debts and paying them. Perhaps a joint campaign to cut back on expenses would work, with half the savings going to clear your partner’s debts and the other half going into your ISA allowance for this year. That way you are being supportive and actually improving your own finances at the same time.
Or perhaps you could pay for all of this year’s holiday, or agree that you will put more money into the joint account each month. Of course this is effectively paying some of your partner’s debts, but psychologically it may feel better for both of you than you paying his Barclaycard bill.
“My partner wants me to take out a loan as I have a better credit rating”
Ouch. You need to think long and hard about this one.
If your relationship is long-term and solid, and if this loan is to clear debts, and you are certain that the debts won’t be run up again, well perhaps.
But too many couples split up in the end because of money problems and if you have taken on this debt, you are stuck with it. You can’t rely on your ex doing the right thing and paying the loan that you have taken out for them.
Don’t agree to being a guarantor for your pattern. Guarantor loans are horribly expensive and so they often go badly wrong.
“My partner doesn’t realise I have problem debts”
This is very common.
But if your debts are bad enough to be causing you worry, then it’s very unlikely that you can continue keeping them secret from someone you live with.
Here is one reader’s story of how she kept her debts a secret for four years.
Your partner will notice you being furtive about the letters you are getting or the phone calls. If you suddenly don’t want to go down the pub most nights as usual and no longer seem keen on booking the holiday you had been planning, they may think you are pregnant or having an affair… Finding out that you have debts that you want to tackle may come as a relief!
Obviously that is looking on the bright side. But if you are in a serious relationship then your partner needs to know, because it’s impossible to plan a joint future if one half of a partnership is keeping quiet about a huge problem.
If you think they are going to be horrified, then the best approach may be to say that you have a big debt problem, you are very sorry for not telling them earlier, but you are really serious about tackling it and you have now got A Plan and you would like their advice on it. Do the Financial Summary using just your income and halving joint expenditures on rent, utilities etc and show them what your options are.
If you are still at the dating stage, are you feeling the need to impress by waving your credit card around? It’s a cliché, but if that is the main thing someone wants from a relationship, you would probably be better off without them – and not just financially!
You don’t need to turn into Scrooge overnight, but you do need to find things to do together that don’t cost a lot of money – eating in more and consuming less alcohol will be better for your waistlines as well as your finances.
“My partner has debts and doesn’t seem to want to tackle them”
Ah. Do you know why?
If they aren’t good with money it’s possible they are just scared, have loads of unsorted bills and don’t want you to think they are an idiot, so it’s easier to try to pretend there isn’t a problem. In this case they need sympathy, a non-judgemental attitude and someone to sit down and work through the scary letters with them.
If they have other problems then money may just not seem that urgent. If they are worried about how Coronavirus will affect their job or someone in their family is very ill may mean that they have no energy or headspace to think about other things. Depression may mean that they are barely up to getting out of bed let alone talking to their creditors.
Perhaps you are on a different timescale? A couple of years ago you wanted the same things, but now you want to settle down and buy a house or have a family and they haven’t got to that bit of growing up yet? Do you think they are ever going to get there?
You could just concentrate on improving your own finances and wait for your other half to see the light.
But if your savings on utility bills vanish with her buying yet more clothes she doesn’t need (or him getting the latest boy’s toys) then you may feel as though you are trying to fill the bath up and your other half keeps taking the plug out. Only you know if you can live with this in the long term.
“We aren’t together any more and have to sort out debts”
When you separate, it’s good to also try to disentangle your finances and resolve debt problems – see Splitting up – how to separate your finances.