On 17 November 2020 the FCA confirmed its new mortgage payment break rules.
You can have 6 months payment deferrals – sometimes called payment breaks or payment holidays – if you or someone in your household had had financial problems because of Coronavirus.
If you originally had a three month payment break then went back to making the normal mortgage repayments, you can now get a second three-month break if you need it.
And if you haven’t had a break at all, but now have Coronaovirus problems you can get a six-month break.
But many people took a three-month mortgage payment break in March or April as soon as they could and then took a second one when that ended. In this case you can’t now get another one, even if you are back on furlough or have been made redundant.
This is what to do if you can’t get another mortgage payment break and you can’t afford the mortgage:
- get the numbers you need to show your full situation;
- give your mortgage priority over other debts;
- look at ways to get money to pay your mortgage.
- ask your mortgage lender for support.
Those things are in order. You need the numbers first as it will help you with the next bits. If giving your mortgage priority means you can pay it in full, then you don’t need to talk to your mortgage lender.
You may need to combine several of these. When you can’t make the full mortgage payments, then the more you can pay the easier it may be to reach an arrangement with your lender.
Get the numbers – a budget you can show to lenders
A budget can help you see your situation more clearly and it can be shown to your mortgage lender and to other creditors. This will make all the other steps easier.
This tool from National Debtline helps by:
- suggesting types of expenses you may forget about;
- converting everything into monthly amounts;
- working out which of your debts are priority and non priority;
- producing a report to show lenders using the industry-approved format.
When your income isn’t stable – perhaps you are waiting for benefits to be paid or don’t know how many hours work you will get each week – this can feel very rough and uncertain, but it can still be helpful.
Once you have done a budget, you can look at how you can improve your situation.
Prioritise your mortgage payments
Debts and bills can be divided into “priority” and “non-priority”. See What are priority debts? for details.
Your mortgage lender will expect you to pay your mortgage and your essential living costs first. This may mean you have little or no money for other debts.
The first thing to think about is can you take payment breaks on your other debts?
A lot of people only took a mortgage payment break when they were put on furlough in March. Perhaps the mortgage payment break was offered first and once you had that, you didn’t need a payment break on other debts. But now you have used up the 6 months of your mortgage payment break, you can still take 6 months of payment breaks on your car finance, credit cards and loans – phone them up and get these set up.
This means you will have more money to pay the mortgage. You can show this in the budget calculator by putting zero in as a payment arrangement for these other debts.
Perhaps this means you can pay the mortgage in full now? Good, you don’t have to bother with anything else now and you don’t need to talk to your mortgage lender.
But if this isn’t enough and there are other debts where you have used up your full 6 months payment, you need to talk to those lenders and explain you can’t pay your mortgage and that you can only afford to pay them a token £1 a month at the moment. This is called making token payments.
This will harm your credit score but you probably don’t have any other sensible option. If you can pay your full mortgage amount if you only making a low payment to your credit card and overdraft say, this is what has to happen.
The good news is that non-priority creditors will generally accept that you need to do this without pushing you to pay more. If you show them your budget sheet, they should accept your lower or token £1 a month offer.
If you aren’t sure if this is necessary or what to offer, talk to a good debt adviser.
Other ways to get more money
Claim all the benefits you can
Make sure you are claiming all the possible benefits you can – see Turn2Us for a benefits calculator:
- even if your partner still has a job or you have savings, you may still be eligible for new style Job Seekers Allowance;
- if you are now getting Universal Credit, have you also claimed for Council Tax Reduction? A lot of people don’t realise they can do this – apply from your local council’s website.
- your local Citizens Advice can give you advice on these and other benefits.
It is hard and slow to get help with your mortgage from benefits.
There is a benefit called Support for Mortgage Interest (SMI). This is given as a loan, it only covers the interest part of mortgage payments, it may not cover all of those and there is a waiting period of 9 months after you start claiming benefits before you can get it…
9 months! And during that time on Universal Credit, you and your partner can’t earn anything, or the 9 month wait starts again. So SMI may not be of any immediate help to you, but it may be later. Your mortgage lender may be prepared to give you more support now, knowing that it 9 months you will have some extra help from SMI.
If you are being made redundant and you have worked for more than two years at the same firm, you may get a redundancy payout. This money can help you get through a few months but don’t delay claiming benefits you are eligible for – you need to get that 9 month SMI wait period started.
You should also be paid your notice period and for any holiday accrued. Citizens Advice can help if you aren’t sure if you are being paid the right amount.
Other sources of money
Do you have any insurance that could help? This is the time to find out exactly when mortgage protection insurance or income protection insurance may payout and how much you may get.
Other possibilities include selling an endowment policy or accessing some pension money if you are over 55. You should look at taking independent financial advice as both of these have serious long term consequences:
- cashing in an endowment may leave you unable to pay your mortgage when it ends;
- raiding your pension may result in tax and other costs now and then leave you with too little when you retire.
I can’t say if these are a good option for you – I am not a financial adviser. But it may be sensible to think of them as a last resort – it would be a mistake to turn a difficulty that may only be temporary into a long term problem. I suggest not telling your mortgage company you are thinking of doing one of these two until you have taken advice and are sure it is right for you.
Help mortgage lenders can give after payment breaks end
Lenders should contact you before the end of your payment holiday to ask if you need further support.
The mortgage lenders may offer to:
- “capitalise” payments that you have missed. This allows you to pay back what you owe over the rest of your mortgage, with monthly payments that are larger;
- change the length of your mortgage, which will reduce the monthly payments;
- change your mortgage so it is “interest-only” for a period;
- offer another payment break or reduced payments for some months to give you time to get your finances back on track. Even though you have used up your 6-months of payment defferals, a lender can choose to offer more.
This is not a list for you to select what you want. A mortgage lender does not have to offer you these options.
This may sound worrying. But the FCA is clear that it expects lenders to offer support to customers, saying:
We expect firms to be flexible and employ a full range of short and long-term forbearance options to support their customers and minimise avoidable financial distress and anxiety to customers in financial difficulty. This may include short-term arrangements where the firm allows the customer to make no or reduced payments for a specified period.
Some lenders are starting to offer interest-only mortgages as an option. In October a newspaper articler gave two examples:
- HSBC is offering some borrowers a 6 month period interest-only, but arrears have to be paid within a year;
- Nationwide is offering short term interest-only periods “where appropriate . . . to minimise the long-term impact on their finances”.
Before you talk to your lender – think what help you need?
When you have looked at what you can pay to your mortgage and how you might be able to increase this – even if it is very rough and it may change over time – you can think about what help you need from your lender.
It’s good to do this before you talk to your lender, so you know what to say. If you aren’t sure, talk to a debt adviser first.
Let’s look at some of the most likely options for different groups of people. You may not fit neatly into one of these categories. And you may be hoping your situation will get better… or be worried it will get worse. But this should give you an idea of what may happen.
“I just need to sort out the missed payments”
When you can now start making the normal monthly payments again, you just have to reach an agreement with your lender about the ones you have missed. The main options are:
- make up the missed payments over a period – the shorter this is, the less interest you will be charged;
- to capitalise the missed payments to they are repaid over the rest of the term of the mortgage
- to extend the term of your mortgage by a few months.
“Capitalising” the payments you have missed may often be the best option. There is a calculator here that lets you see how much your monthly payment may increase if you choose to repay the missed payments over the current term of your mortgage. If you have many years left on the mortgage, this isn’t usually too much extra a month.
But if there are only a few years to go and the larger payments will be more than you can afford, tell your lender and ask to have your mortgage extended by a few months instead. Showing your lender a budget can help prove that you can’t make higher payments.
“Income has dropped so can’t make the full payments”
Here you need some time for your income to recover. You could ask to be allowed to make reduced payments for 3 or 6 months and/or for your mortgage to be switched to interest-only for this time.
If your income does recover, then at that point it may be possible to capitalise the arrears.
“Lost job or income has fallen lot – can pay little or nothing”
If you can pay very little as you have lost your job, you may feel you have nothing positive to say to your mortgage lender.
But your mortgage lender would still prefer to hear from you. The worst thing from their point of view is for your monthly payments to stop and for you to refuse to talk to them about your situation.
Even if you can only say that you are looking for a job and applying for Universal Credit and have stopped making payments to your other debts too, that shows your lender that you are doing your best.
Your lender may be prepared to switch your mortgage to interest only. If you are still out of work in 9 months when you will qualify for SMI, this means the SMI will cover a lot more of your mortgage payments.
“This is the wrong house for me”
The main aim of debt advice is to keep people in their own homes. But is this house right for you? Is it too large or too small? Or in the wrong place for your job? Or it needs adapting for health problems? Perhaps you couldn’t afford the mortgage even before coronavirus reduced your income.
Your lender should allow you a reasonable time to sell the house if you want to do this.
What if your lender isn’t helpful?
If your mortgage lender doesn’t suggest the sort of support you would like, talk to a debt adviser about this. perhaps you could improve your situation. perhaps showing the lender a budget worked out with a debt adviser will help.
You may also be able to complain to the Financial Ombudsman if your lender doesn’t give you appropriate support. Your debt adviser will be able to discuss if you have a good case and explain how to do this.
Don’t panic about repossessions
The FCA has banned houses being repossessed for mortgage arrears until the end of January 2021, but after that, they are again possible.
Your lender should not repossess your home if you have only missed payments during the payment holidays… not unless you “unreasonably refuse to engage” with your lender about how to repay these.
But if you had arrears before, or you now can’t resume making the normal mortgage payments, arrears will be increasing and then mortgage repossessions are possible.
This means you have to take your mortgage problems seriously, but it is not a reason to panic:
- most lenders will be slow to think about repossession if you are talking to them;
- the FCA says lenders should not repossess the property unless all other reasonable attempts to resolve the position have failed.
Key points to remember
- Mortgage payment breaks are now restricted to 6 months and mortgage repossessions can restart from the end of January.
- There is a wide variety of help a mortgage lender may be able to offer you, depending on your situation.
- You need to prioritise paying your mortgage, even if this means paying little or nothing to your other debts.
- Talk to your local Citizens Advice or Shelter – they can help you work out what to do and what to say to your lender.
- Lenders will generally be slow to repossess if you talk to them about your problem and ask for help.